Évaluation de la recherche




Langues de diffusion des connaissances : quelle place reste-t-il pour le français?

La croissance des évaluations basées sur le nombre de publications savantes dans bon nombre de pays1 , jumelée à la démocratisation des technologies numériques et au contrôle de l’édition savante par quelques compagnies privées2 , est associée à l’établissement d’une culture de la publication où les chercheur-se-s publient de plus en plus3 . Cette tendance […] Lire la suite

Articles avec comité de lecture

Cumulative advantage and citation performance of repeat authors in scholarly journals

Cumulative advantage–commonly known as the Matthew Effect–influences academic output and careers. Given the challenge and uncertainty of gauging the quality of academic research, gatekeepers often possess incentives to prefer the work of established academics. Such preferences breach scientific norms of universalism and can stifle innovation. This article analyzes repeat authors within academic journals as a […] Lire la suite

Articles avec comité de lecture

Who games metrics and rankings? Institutional niches and journal impact factor inflation

Ratings and rankings are omnipresent and influential in contemporary society. Individuals and organizations strategically respond to incentives set by rating systems. We use academic publishing as a case study to examine organizational variation in responses to influential metrics. The Journal Impact Factor (JIF) is a prominent metric linked to the value of academic journals, as […] Lire la suite

Articles avec comité de lecture

Assessing the quality of bibliographic data sources for measuring international research collaboration

Measuring international research collaboration (IRC) is essential to various research assessment tasks but the effect of various measurement decisions, including which data sources to use, has not been thoroughly studied. To better understand the effect of data source choice on IRC measurement, we design and implement a data quality assessment framework specifically for bibliographic data […] Lire la suite

Articles avec comité de lecture

The relationship between parenting engagement and academic performance

Gender differences in research productivity have been well documented. One frequent explanation of these differences is disproportionate child-related responsibilities for women. However, changing social dynamics around parenting has led to fathers taking an increasingly active role in parenting. This demands a more nuanced approach to understanding the relationship between parenting and productivity for both men […] Lire la suite

Articles avec comité de lecture

Intersectional inequalities in science

The US scientific workforce is primarily composed of White men. Studies have demonstrated the systemic barriers preventing women and other minoritized populations from gaining entry to science; few, however, have taken an intersectional perspective and examined the consequences of these inequalities on scientific knowledge. We provide a large-scale bibliometric analysis of the relationship between intersectional […] Lire la suite

Actes de congrès avec comité de lecture

Avoiding bias when inferring race using name-based approaches

Racial disparity in academia is a widely acknowledged problem. The quantitative understanding of racial-based systemic inequalities  is  an  important  step  towards  a  more  equitable research  system.  However,  few large-scale analyses have been performed on this topic, mostly because of the lack of robust race-disambiguation algorithms. Identifying author information does not generally include the author’s race.Therefore, […] Lire la suite